The stage of development of dogs and puppies
In the sweet wait for you to bring your puppy home, you can be useful in preparing for life with the dog. If you understand the developmental stage of a dog, you can more easily understand and help it.
Of course, puppies don’t develop the same way, but all puppies go through the same stage – just at their own pace. The development of your dog whale will depend to a large extent on its breed and size, but you can use these stages as a guide.
The stages of development that you should understand are:
- Mental maturity
Weeks 1-2: Neonatal
The first two weeks of a puppy’s life are mainly related to eating and sleeping. Dogs are born feeling and smelly, but they are deaf and blind, so their health depends to a large extent on the care and attention of their mothers.
You may see your puppy roll over and prompt around a little bit because it lacks control over its movements. If all goes according to plan, the dog mother provides feeding, raising and going to the toilet while the puppy learns to position itself in its new world in search of food and warmth.
The most important thing to make sure is calm, safe and limited contact. Therefore, it is a good idea to lower the sound level at home in the first place, so that the puppies have the quietest frame.
Weeks 2-4: Transition phase
After the first two weeks, you will experience that the puppy has made great progress in development. His eyes began to open, he stood and walked around, and his sense of smell and hearing developed. The puppy is now getting better at controlling his movements, and you’ll find it rolling with its siblings.
It was during this period that the first social signals emerged. The puppy is aware of its surroundings and records with its tail and growl. Teeth start to grow so small that you can safely count on it to check everything with your mouth. The dog should be able to arrange to go to the toilet by himself.
Now you can put the puppy into your hand while raising the sound level of your home. If noise and excitement are gradually introduced through the puppy stage, your dog becomes comfortable with different sounds, which may be a precaution, among other things, for New Year’s anxiety. It is important not to exaggerate sound training because it just leads to unsafe puppies.
4-7 weeks: Emboss stage
This stage of development is particularly important for the future behavior of puppies in humans and other animals. It is at this stage that a puppy must learn to interact with humans so that it can see them as companions. Breeders usually pick up puppies and provide daily human contact through nus and hugs.
While human contact is important for puppies, it is equally important to keep them with their mothers for at least the first eight weeks so that they can develop their social skills. For the first eight weeks, the puppy must not be removed from the dog’s mother.
Also in the embossed stage, the puppy becomes aware of the ranking. By playing with siblings, puppies begin to understand dominance and obediance, which is especially important for the dog’s social and linguistic skills. Meanwhile, the dog mother will teach her puppy who is guiding the dog in the herd. This often happens when puppies show interest in their mother’s food, and then she put them away. It may seem violent, but so the puppy learns to adapt to the order of the herd.
Months 2-3: Socialization phase
At this stage of development, it is typical for a puppy to be given a new home. As a dog keeper, it is important to continue to actively learn from the breeder era.
At this stage, everything it encounters in a good, safe and peaceful manner will have a positive impact on the future behavior of the puppy. When the dog falls into its new home, it is ready to meet its surroundings. Please let the puppy greet foreigners of all ages and other animals as long as it is done quietly. This is also the time to start training contacts and calls.
You can start your environmental training with a small walk in different places so that you can experience a variety of weather, sounds and surfaces. Drive, take buses and trains, and walk along pedestrian or forest paths. In this way, you get the dog used to the new situation and you get a calmer and more balanced dog. Every time you try something new, remember to praise the dog.
3-5 months: youth
The development of puppies in their youth is characterized by hormonal imbalances that can make dogs more aggressive and do digging. This is also known as half sexual maturity, and your dog experiences an increase in sex hormone production.
While dogs don’t feel depressed in the past, it’s important that you correct any negative situations. It is useful to think of it as a stage of development, because slow behavior is temporary and normal. If you encounter negative behavior, you should divert the dog’s attention and call you.
It is a good idea to lower the educational requirements and show greater patience with your dog’s learning. This in turn allows time to focus on success with simpler exercises such as contact and call.
The first quiet period of the puppy
From youth to the physical maturity of the puppy is a quiet period, about the fifth or sixth month, hormone production has stabilized. This makes your puppy particularly vulnerable to learning, especially if you make the training breeze as it increases the puppy’s motivation.
During this time, the puppy also changes its teeth, so make sure you have toys that can chew and gnaw, avoid games, and the puppy has to pull a lot with its teeth.
7-12 months: Physical maturity
After the first calm phase of the puppy, physical maturity will begin. This means that when the male dog urinates, it begins to lighten its legs and the female dog matures for the first time. With half sexual maturity, your dog will become more dominant and test the family’s grades. Mature male dogs can become sensitive and sensitive, so it is important not to push it unnecessarily.
Many dogs will challenge the hierarchy, take things that don’t belong to them, and defend it aggressively. For example, they don’t want children’s toys back. Here again, it is about interrupting the dog’s main action, giving it a command (for example, “SIT”) or treatment.
At this stage of maturity you can train your usual exercises, but you may need to lower your expectations and requirements for your dog. The most important thing is to maintain active contact and successful training so that your dog does not lose the desire to learn.
Please note that for larger dogs, this period may occur around December, and for smaller dogs it may occur around 4 months.
The second quiet period of the puppy
After physical maturity, the dog’s hormone production stabilizes again and is very easy to learn. As in previous quiet periods, you have a more balanced and motivated dog. Train more demanding exercises, join an agile team or take part in another form of dog training, challenge your dog, or even yourself.
Months 18-22: Psychological maturity
Just like before sexual maturity, you will now experience dog test boundaries associated with hierarchy and dominance. This is due to psychological maturity, in which the dog’s hormone levels are again unbalanced. It may not be willing to perform the tasks you have trained for, it may be difficult to concentrate and care more about other things. You should make it completely easy because it is very common for dogs to pass through this stage.
As with your last sexual maturity, you’d better distract your dog and lower your training requirements. You may need to start learning exercises over and over again in a short period of time. This gives you a greater chance of success through training.
Please note that for larger dogs, this period can last up to the 36th month and for smaller dogs up to the 10th month.
The development phase was developed in collaboration with Susan Toft, a behavioural consultant and lecturer from the Jodbro Hunt Centre.